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Autism Spectrum Disorder

Although autism spectrum disorder is commonly diagnosed, the actual assessment is complex, involving observation, standardized assessment, and a structured interview with parents. Therefore, we often recommend this type of evaluation in addition to a comprehensive neuropsychological evaluation.

Autism Spectrum & Developmental Disorders

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are a group of developmental brain disorders associated with a wide range of specific symptoms, levels of impairment, and skills. Children may have few or many symptoms, and may range from mild to severe impairment. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition and The International Classification of Diseases, 10th Edition {Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders}) define the specific elements of Autism Spectrum classification.

Children typically progress through developmental stages in a similar order and time frame. Mild delays and variance in development are not uncommon; however, when young children exhibit longer delays and difficulty developing specific skills (unrelated to a medical condition or hearing loss), a comprehensive evaluation may be appropriate. Symptoms of ASD typically fall into three areas:

·        Impairment in Reciprocal Social Interaction

·        Impairment in Communication

·        Repetitive and/or Stereotyped Behaviors

 

Children with ASD may show any combination of symptoms. Common difficulties include, but are not limited to: lack of interest in others, delayed language development or unusual use of language, unusual emotional or sensory responses, repetitive movements or behaviors, and restricted and intensely focused interests.